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The IRS announced a delay in reporting thresholds for third-party settlement organizations (TSPOs). As a result of this delay, third-party settlement organizations will not be required to report tax year 2022 transactions on a Form 1099-K to the IRS or the payee for the lower, $600 threshold amount enacted as part of the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 ( P.L. 117-2).
Code Sec. 6050W requires payment settlement entities to file an information return for each calendar year for payments made in settlement of certain reportable payment transactions. The annual information return must set forth the (1) name, address, and taxpayer identification number (TIN) of the participating payee to whom payments were made; and (2) gross amount of the reportable payment transactions with respect to that payee. The returns must be furnished to the participating payees on or before January 31 of the year following the calendar year for which the return was made. Further, the returns must be filed with the IRS on or before February 28 (March 31 if filing electronically) of the year following the calendar year for which the return was made.
A TPSO will not be required to report payments in settlement of third party network transactions with respect to a participating payee unless the gross amount of aggregate payments to be reported exceeds $20,000 and the number of such transactions with that participating payee exceeds 200. This condition applies to calendar years beginning before January 1, 2023. The Service will not assert penalties under Code Sec. 6721 or 6722 for TPSOs failing to file or failing to furnish Forms 1099-K unless the gross amount of aggregate payments to be reported exceeds $20,000 and the number of transactions exceeds 200.
For returns for calendar years beginning after December 31, 2022, a TPSO would be required to report payments in settlement of third party network transactions with any participating payee that exceed a minimum threshold of $600 in aggregate payments, regardless of the number of such transactions. The delay does not affect requirements of Code Sec. 6050W that were not modified by the American Rescue Plan Act. Taxpayers that have performed backup withholding under Code Sec. 3406(a) during calendar year 2022 must file a Form 1099-K, Payment Card and Third-Party Network Transactions, with the IRS and furnish a copy to the payee if total payments to and withholding from the payee exceeded $600 for the calendar year.
The IRS and Treasury have announced have released a list of clean vehicles that meet the requirements to claim the new clean vehicle tax credit, along with FAQs to help consumers better understand how to access the various tax incentives for the purchase of new and used electric vehicles available beginning January 1, 2023. The Service has clarified the incremental cost of commercial clean vehicles in 2023 and stated that, for vehicles under 14,000 pounds, the tax credit was 15-percent of a qualifying vehicle’s cost and 30-percent if, the vehicle is not gas or diesel powered.
The Service has also given a notice of intent to propose regulations on the tax credit for new clean vehicles, to provide clarity to manufacturers and buyers, on changes that take effect automatically on January 1, such as Manufacturer’s Suggested Retail Price limits. The notice has further clarified, that a vehicle would be considered as placed in service, for the purposes of the tax credit, on the date the taxpayer takes possession of the vehicle, which may or may not be the same date as the purchase date.
In order to help manufacturers identify vehicles eligible for tax credit, when the new requirements go into effect after a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking is issued in March, the Treasury also released a white paper on the anticipated direction of their upcoming proposed guidance on the critical minerals and battery components requirements and the process for determining whether vehicles qualify under these requirements.
The Department of the Treasury outlined how the Inflation Reduction Act’s tax incentives will support the building of an equitable clean energy economy.
In a fact sheet issued October 26, 2022, the Treasury Department highlighted four key areas the tax policy built on the Inflation Reduction Act will drive clean energy:
- the IRA will provide targeted incentives to drive investment and create opportunity in communities across the country;
- the IRA will encourage clean energy project developers to meet strong labor standards, so that the benefits of building a clean energy economy are felt by workers making it happen;
- the IRA will lower the costs of energy-saving property improvements and rooftop solar installation, saving working families and small businesses money on their monthly utility bills and empowering families and businesses to shield themselves from volatile fossil energy prices; and
- The IRA allows state, local, and Tribal governments, as well as non-profit organizations and other tax-exempt entities, such as rural electric co-operatives, to receive certain tax credits as payments, expanding the range of actors that will have a direct incentive to invest in their communities.
According to the fact sheet, the law will “provide bonuses for investing in low-income communities, as well as in communities that have historically depended on the energy sector for jobs and economic activity.”
To help incentivize this, the IRA modifies and extends the clean energy Investment Tax Credit “to provide a 30 percent credit for qualifying investments in wind, solar, energy storage, and other renewable energy projects that meet prevailing wage standards and employ a sufficient portion of qualified apprentices from registered apprenticeship programs.”
It also modifies and extends the Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit “to provide a credit of 2.5 cents per kilowatt-hour in 2021 dollars (adjusted for inflation annually) of electricity generated from qualified renewable energy sources.”
Other tax credits extended and/or expanded include the Energy Efficient Home Improvement Credit, the Residential Clean Energy Credit, and the Energy Efficient Commercial Buildings Deduction.
These incentives were discussed as part of an October 26, 2022, virtual roundtable hosted by Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen, during which she “emphasized that the Inflation Reduction Act provides long-term clarity and certainty for the clean energy sector, and underscored Treasury’s commitment to work expeditiously to provide guidance so that investments can move forward and our climate and economy can realize the benefits of the law as quickly as possible.”